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This project has been funded with support from the European Commission.
This web site reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

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Bursa Ulu Cami (Grand Mosque)

Nalbantoğlu Mahallesi, Atatürk Cd., 16010 Osmangazi/Bursa, Turkey



Bursa Grand Mosque (or Great Mosque) is a prominent landmark in Bursa’s downtown. With its two towering minarets and 20 domes, the building is one of the most impressive and important in Bursa. Ulu Cami’i is considered the fifth most important mosque in Islam, after those in Mecca, Medina, Jerusalem, and Damascus. It is also included in Bursa’s 2014 UNESCO World Heritage Site inscription. Features of the mosque’s interior include a large marble ablution fountain situated beneath a glass dome. The walls and pillars are decorated by a total of 192 calligraphy samples written by 41 different calligraphers, making it one of the most important collections of Islamic calligraphy in the world. The doors and pulpit are made from skillfully carved walnut wood, and the pulpit contains an engraved scaled model of the solar system. East of the highly ornate mihrap, a centuries-old door curtain from the Mecca Kaaba is displayed in a glass case.
The Great Mosque was built by Yıldırım Bayezid, the fourth ruler of the Ottoman Empire, between the years of 1396-1399, the architect was Ali Neccar. According to a rumor , Sultan prayed Allah to win the Niğbolu war and devoted 20 mosques to be built. After his victory, he decided to build a single mosque with 20 domes instead of 20 mosques with the advice of Emir Sultan. The mosque was built with the booty from victory. However, after the defeat in Ankara War against Timur in 1402, the sultan was imprisoned. Timur used the mosque as a stall. In 1403, the Mogul Shah Emir Bedrüddin burned the mosque. In 1413, during the siege of Karamanoğlu Mehmet Bey, the mosque was burned again. The repair was carried out by Mehmet the son of Bayezid and the mosque was opened in 1421. In the great earthquake of March 1, 1855, 17 domes of mosque were collapsed. They were rebuilt in 1862 and opened again. It is the largest mosque made in Turkish history in terms of the area of prayer. (The other large mosques such as Süleymaniye and Sultanahmet are with the courtyards surrounded by walls, while the Ulu Mosque gives the impression that it is smaller because it has a low ceiling, a dome and columns, but in reality the prayer area is the largest.
The Grand Mosque in Bursa is a place visited by people from all over the world and from all kinds of religions. It covers an area of 2215 square meters and consists of 5 sections each with four dome. The dome in the middle of almost 20 equally large dome was made open. The dripping rain drops entering the middle dome of the wall covered up in the pool and the light illuminated the mosque. Today, when the dome is covered with glass cloth, it has lost the function of collecting rainwater, but the task of lighting continues. There is an 18 cornered fountain with a pool under the middle dome. After returning from the Egyptian war, Yavuz Sultan Selim, the caliph, started restoration in Mecca, the cover of the Kaaba was replaced by a new cover sent from Istanbul. Yavuz brought the old cover to Bursa and gave it to Ulu Mosque and carried it with his own hand. This cover, which has been processed with pure gold yard, has remained bright for centuries, but since some erroneous restorations have been made the mosque got damp, today's verses can only be seen under bright light.
The Great Mosque, some of its clerics, has been regarded as the 5th highest place of worship in Islam. (The highest mosque in Islam, the Masjid al-Haram in Mecca, the Masjid al-Nabawi in Medina, the Masjid al-Aqsa in Jerusalem, the Umayyad mosque in Damascus). the first mosque belongs to the Grand Mosque in Diyarbakir, but the fifth mecca according to the speeches of Emir Sultan, Akşemsettin and Molla Gurani, is the Grand Mosque in Bursa.) The holy mosque of Ulu Mosque was the result of the religionists and their souls (Emir Sultan proposing the construction of the first prayer, The First Nation Emir Sultan, Mullah Fenari, Yıldırım, the first imam Süleyman Çelebi, one of the muezzins, Üftade) It is a very frequent story that the blacksmith Kambur Bali Çelebi (Karagöz), killed by Yildirim Bayezid during the construction of the mosque, because of making the workers laugh with his humors and delaying the construction. There are various superstructures developed about Ulu Mosque. (As well as the sign of ‘W’ on the wall of the Qibla, the prayers of the prayers in front of the sign are to be accepted, the fences in the north-western window of the mosque are introduced as the prophets of the Prophet David and prayed to the bars).
Virtual visit
By using smart boards or projectors in the classrooms all students with the guidence of a teacher can visit the mosque. And also the students can visit the place individually from the given link.




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This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This web site reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.